Socio-demographic determinants of the knowledge of Monkeypox Virus among the general public: a cross-sectional study in a Tertiary Care Center in Nepal

Santa Kumar Das, Abhinav Bhattarai, Kiran Paudel, Sandesh Bhusal, Sangam Shah, Sakchhyam Timsina, Aastha Subedi, Sandhya Niroula, Najim Z. Alshahrani, Sanjit Sah, Bijaya Kumar Padhi, Joshuan J. Barboza, Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales, Luis A. Salas-Matta, D. Katterine Bonilla-Aldana, Ranjit Sah

Producción científica: Artículo CientíficoArtículo originalrevisión exhaustiva


Background and objective: Monkeypox virus (MPXV) is the causative agent of monkeypox’s zoonotic infection and was declared a global emergency by the World Health Organization (WHO). Studies from different countries have shown insufficient knowledge among the general public on MPXV. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of the general public of Nepal on MPXV. Methods: Three hundred people were interviewed in person in October 2022, and 282 complete responses were recorded. The questionnaire related to the knowledge of MPXV was derived from a previous study conducted among the general population of Saudi Arabia. Twenty-two questions were included that assessed the knowledge and attitude of Nepalese toward monkeypox. Statistical comparison between high and low knowledge was performed using Pearson’s Chi-square test. Logistic regression models were deployed to establish the relationship between participants’ knowledge and socio-demographic characteristics. Results: Among the total respondents, 53.8% demonstrated high knowledge of monkeypox. People aged 18–25 years, unmarried people, and those living in urban areas had significantly higher levels of knowledge. Most respondents believed that MPXV is not a conspiracy or bioterrorism (63.1%) and agreed that it is likely to affect people’s social and economic life as COVID-19 did (67.0%). The history of COVID-19 vaccination (aOR: 2.980; 95%CI: 1.227, 7.236) and the younger age (aOR: 2.975; 95%CI: 1.097, 8.069) were found to be significant determinants of the knowledge of the participants on monkeypox. Conclusion: We observed that most Nepalese populations had a high knowledge of monkeypox and that social media was the most valuable source of information.

Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
PublicaciónBMC Infectious Diseases
EstadoIndizado - dic. 2024

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© The Author(s) 2024.


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