Severe Infections Due to Respiratory Viruses

Catia Cillóniz, Juan M. Pericàs, Jorge R. Rojas, Antoni Torres

Producción científica: Artículo CientíficoArtículo originalrevisión exhaustiva

6 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Severe viral infections may result in severe illnesses capable of causing acute respiratory failure that could progress rapidly to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), related to worse outcomes, especially in individuals with a higher risk of infection, including the elderly and those with comorbidities such as asthma, diabetes mellitus and chronic respiratory or cardiovascular disease. In addition, in cases of severe viral pneumonia, co-infection with bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus is related to worse outcomes. Respiratory viruses like influenza, rhinovirus, parainfluenza, adenovirus, metapneumovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, and coronavirus have increasingly been detected. This trend has become more prevalent, especially in critically ill patients, due to the availability and implementation of molecular assays in clinical practice. Respiratory viruses have been diagnosed as a frequent cause of severe pneumonia, including cases of community-acquired pneumonia, hospital-acquired pneumonia, and ventilator-associated pneumonia. In this review, we will discuss the epidemiology, diagnosis, clinical characteristics, management, and prognosis of patients with severe infections due to respiratory viruses, with a focus on influenza viruses, non-influenza viruses, and coronaviruses.

Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Páginas (desde-hasta)60-74
-15
PublicaciónSeminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Volumen43
N.º1
DOI
EstadoIndizado - 1 feb. 2022
Publicado de forma externa

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© 2022 American Institute of Physics Inc.. All rights reserved.

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