Peru is a megadiverse country that presents a great variety of natural and cultural manifestations in Section 2 of the South Interoceanic highway, where exposure to disease-transmitting vectors could be a public health problem. As an objective, it was proposed to determine the risk due to vector entomofauna in ecotourism areas in Peru, 2019. The study was descriptive-experimental, cross-sectional. As an instrument, a categorization system of tourist places, a tourist survey applied to 223 visitors and an entomological survey in seven (7) places along the route were applied. All the data was stored in a Microsoft Excel database and processed with Epidat 3.0, in order to know indices, percentages and frequencies. As a result, the weighting (Total Diversity x PCN) was 6.00 for the CAT. 1, 5.28 CAT. 3, 3.50 CAT. 5, 3.00 CAT. 4 and 1.20 CAT. 2, in the tourist survey it was possible to know that 86.55% of the visitors traveled section 2 of the southern interoceanic highway due to the diversity of flora and fauna and 63.23% due to the diversity of vegetation and landscapes, on the other hand, 348 vectors were collected, 21.84% were Aedes Aegypti, 18.10% P. humanus var. capitis, 16.67% Aedes albopictus, 15.23 Culex sp., 10.92% Anopheles sp., 10.34% Lutzomyia spp., 4.89% Xenopsylla cheopis. and 2.01% Pastrongylus sp. Based on the findings, it is necessary to activate preventive strategies in the transmission of vector diseases, as long as Peru is a beautiful and exciting tourist destination, there will be potential health risks.
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- Public health
- Vector-borne diseases