Objetive: Health care associated infections (HCAI) are the most important complication in hospitalized patients. The objective was to report the point prevalence of HCAI and identify patients' clinic characteristics through the use of a virtual application developed for this purpose. Material and methods: We performed a cross-sectional study at Adolfo Guevara Velasco National Hospital, Cusco, November 2017. The medical records of hospitalized patients were reviewed. We surveyed intrinsic, extrinsic factors and surgical procedures. The qualitative variables were analyzed using absolute and relative frequencies. Proportions were compared using Chi-square or Fisher's exact tests; the median was compared by the Wilcoxon rank sum. Results: We considered 304 patients for the analysis. HCAI prevalence was 10.5%. Women were 55.7% of total patients. The median age for adult patients was 53.9 years (IQR: 36.6 - 70.7). The most frequent infections were pneumonia (50.0%) and urinary tract infection (18.8%). The most frequent exposure factors were the use of a peripheral venous catheter (73.4%) and the presence of neoplasms (12.1%). Conclusion: the prevalence of HCAI was 10.5%. The most frequent HCAI were pneumonia and urinary tract infection.
|Título traducido de la contribución||Point prevalence of healthcare-associated infections and use of a virtual application in a third level hospital at Cusco city, Peru 2017|
|Publicación||Revista del Cuerpo Medico Hospital Nacional Almanzor Aguinaga Asenjo|
|Estado||Indizado - 2019|
Nota bibliográficaPublisher Copyright:
© 2019 Medical Body of the Almanzor Aguinaga Asenjo National Hospital. All Rights Reserved.
- Cross Infection
- health surveys (Source: DeCS-BIREME)