Introduction Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a health problem in low- and middle-income countries such as Peru. There are few published reports on the behavior of this disease in the young Peruvian population. Objective Describe the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the population under 30 years of age registered with the Ministry of Health of Peru in the period 2005 to 2018. Methods A descriptive observational study was conducted. The national registries of type 2 diabetes mellitus (ICD code 10: E11) in the population under 30 years of age, treated in health establishments of the Ministry of Health of Peru between 2005 and 2018, were analyzed. The prevalence was reported adjusted for age. and sex, described by department and geographic region. Results In the period 2005 to 2018, the national prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus increased from 2.1 to 22.1 cases per 100,000 inhabitants; being the female sex the most prevalent. The geographic regions with the greatest increase in prevalence were the Coast, from 3.8 to 35.3 per 100,000 inhabitants, and the Selva, from 1.1 to 22.1 per 100,000 inhabitants. The departments with the greatest increase in prevalence were Cajamarca (1733.3%) and Puno (1704.2%); Observing departments such as Tumbes, Ica, Lambayeque, Callao, Lima, Loreto and Madre de Dios with prevalences higher than the national average. Conclusions The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the population under 30 years of age attended by the Ministry of Health of Peru has increased more than 10 times during the period 2005 to 2018. The Coastal region and the cities with the highest population density had the highest prevalence. . It is necessary to focus and improve control strategies for risk factors in the youth population such as obesity and inadequate lifestyles and screening at a younger age in the population at risk.
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- diabetes mellitus type 2
- young adult