Personality traits and leadership styles of students: Evidence from Ecuador

Danny Xavier Arevalo Avecillas, Rober Anibal Luciano Alipio, Ronald Enrique Campoverde Aguirre, Holger Cevallos Valdiviezo, Grimaldo Wilfredo Quispe Santivañez

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Resumen

The study aims to evaluate how personality traits affect transformational, transactional, and passive-avoidant leadership styles. It uses the quantitative approach with a non-experimental research design; the data were collected cross-sectionally, with a correlational-causal scope. The sample included 418 professionals studying MBA at private universities in Ecuador and working in private companies. Personality traits were measured with the Revised NEO-PI-R Personality Inventory, while the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) measured leadership styles through the survey. Data analysis included the use of correlations and multivariate regression models. The results show that openness to experience (β = 0.100*), extraversion (β = 0.217**), conscientiousness (β = 0.239**), and work experience (β = 0.086*) generated a positive and meaningful effect on transformational leadership. Neuroticism was also significant but with a negative standardized coefficient (β = –0.445**). Also, extraversion (β = 0.169**), conscientiousness (β = 0.303**), and work experience (β = 0.222**) had a positive and significant effect on transactional leadership; neuroticism was also significant but with a negative standardized coefficient (β = –0.243**). Finally, extraversion (β = –0.311**) and conscientiousness (β = –0.192**) had a negative and significant effect, and neuroticism (β = 0.451**) had a positive and significant effect on the passive-avoidant leadership style.

Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Páginas (desde-hasta)156-169
-14
PublicaciónProblems and Perspectives in Management
Volumen22
N.º1
DOI
EstadoIndizado - 2024
Publicado de forma externa

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