Performance and physiological quality of Escallonia resinosa seeds: prospects for their use in reforestation and restoration

David Huayta Hinojosa, Emily Nolasco-Lozano, Damaris Guerra, Joel Hermoza-Gamboa, Harold Rusbelth Quispe Melgar

Producción científica: Artículo CientíficoArtículo originalrevisión exhaustiva


In the Andes, many native forest species are not used in reforestation or restoration programs mainly due to a lack of information
about their propagation. In this study, we evaluated the performance of the seeds of Escallonia resinosa by analyzing fruit
and seed productivity and characteristics, seed physiological quality, and the germination rate of seeds collected at different
stages of fruit physiological maturity, using tetrazolium and standard germination tests. Our results show an estimated production
(mean SD) of 34,252.5 25,900 fruits per tree and 26.5 20 million seeds per tree. Seed length was 1.0 0.13 mm and
seed weight was 12.4 1 μg. We recognized two different morphological types of seeds: Type I seeds (lacking testa) were unviable,
whereas all Type II seeds (with testa) germinated. Seed viability and germination rates were 10.5 and 48.6%, respectively;
therefore, the viability test underestimated the actual germination rate. Morphological or microsite variables of the parent tree
did not influence seed viability or germination. Germination rates were highest (41.8 2.5%) for the seeds of fruits harvested
at the initial maturity stage (green fruits). Our results show that E. resinosa is a species with potential for reforestation and restoration
projects in the Andes: it has high seed production and good germination performance, and seeds can be harvested from
fruits collected at different stages of physiological maturity.
Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Páginas (desde-hasta)1
PublicaciónRestoration Ecology
EstadoPublicado - 10 dic. 2022

Palabras clave

  • Andes
  • fruit maturity
  • germination
  • Peru
  • seed performance
  • viability

Citar esto