Perfectionism as a Paradoxical Factor in Sport and Exercise Performance: An Umbrella Review

Edgar Froilan Damián Núñez, Lucia Mireya Soria Villanueva, Marco Antonio Tejada Mendoza, Sandy Dorian Isla Alcoser, Jessica Paola Palacios Garay, Ronald Hernández-Vásquez

Producción científica: Artículo CientíficoArtículo de revisiónrevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Objective: Traditionally, perfectionism has been regarded as a commendable trait in the realm of sports and exercise. However, recent research has uncovered a paradoxical aspect of perfectionism in these domains. This umbrella review seeks to offer a comprehensive overview of the intricate role that perfectionism plays in sport and exercise performance. Method: As an umbrella review, we systematically explored three widely used scientific databases—PubMed, Scopus, and ISI—to identify relevant systematic reviewes and meta-analyses investigating the relationship between perfectionism and sports performance. Results: After careful evaluation, eight studies met our inclusion criteria and were included in the study. These eight eligible studies comprised five systematic reviews and three systematic review and meta-analysis publications. These publications have explored the correlation between perfectionism and sports performance in teenager and adult populations, as well as professional and amateur athletes. Most of the original articles included in these studies had a cross-sectional design and some of them were longitudinal research. All reviewed articles reported a significant correlation between perfectionism and sports performance, regardless of gender and age. In general, the main consensus of these studies is a moderate to high positive correlation between perfectionistic strivings and sports performance, as well as a moderate to high negative correlation between perfectionistic concerns and sports performance. Conclusion: In summary, perfectionism exhibits both positive and negative effects on athlete outcomes. Maladaptive perfectionism is linked to adverse consequences, while adaptive perfectionism can yield positive effects. Promisingly, psychological interventions such as mindfulness-based approaches and ACT-based interventions show potential in reducing perfectionism and enhancing athlete outcomes. Future research should delve deeper into the intricate relationship between perfectionism and athlete performance and continue to devise interventions that counteract the detrimental effects of perfectionistic tendencies.

Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Páginas (desde-hasta)244-251
-8
PublicaciónIranian Journal of Psychiatry
Volumen19
N.º2
DOI
EstadoIndizado - 2024
Publicado de forma externa

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2024 Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Published by Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

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