Percepción de miedo o exageración que transmiten los medios de comunicación en la población peruana durante la pandemia de la covid–19

Christian R. Mejia, J. Franco Rodriguez-Alarcon, Lizet Garay-Rios, Maria de Guadalupe Enriquez-Anco, Alfrando Moreno, Kennedy Huaytán–rojas, Nory Huancahuari Ñañacc Huari, Angel Julca–gonzales, Christian H. Alvarez, José Choque–vargas, Walter H. Curioso

Producción científica: Artículo CientíficoArtículo originalrevisión exhaustiva

44 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Introduction: In global health crises the media is important for reporting on important issues to the population. Objective: To characterize and find associations of perceived fear or exaggerati on conveyed by the media in the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Analytical and multicenter cross-sectional study. A virtual survey was conducted among 4009 people, in 17 cities of Peru, from March 15-20, 2020. The instrument, previously validated, evaluated three factors: the exaggeration of the media; the fear generated and the communication coming from health personnel, family members and friends. Relationship coefficients and p-values were calculated through the use of generalized linear models, with Gaussian family and identity linkage function. Values of p <0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: Social networks (64 %) and television (57 %) were perceived by all participants as exaggerating information; also, television (43 %) and social networks (41 %) increased the perception of fear. As for their family/friends, they perceived that they exaggerated the situation (39 %) and generated fear (25 %). In the multivariate analysis, women (p<0.001), those who had completed high school (p=0.023), were university students (p=0.037) and those with a postgraduate degree (p=0.002) had a lower total score of fear and perception of exaggeration.Conclusions: The perception of exaggeration and fear generation in the population were mostly caused by television and social networks.

Título traducido de la contribuciónPerception of fear or exaggeration transmitted to the Peruvian population by the media during the COVID 19 pandemic
Idioma originalEspañol
-e698
PublicaciónRevista Cubana de Investigaciones Biomedicas
Volumen39
N.º2
EstadoIndizado - 2020

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

Palabras clave

  • Coronavirus
  • Fear
  • Pandemic
  • Peru
  • Social media

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