Nutritional transition in children under five years and women of reproductive age: A 15-years trend analysis in Peru

Christian Loret De Mola, Renato Quispe, Giancarlo A. Valle, Julio A. Poterico

Producción científica: Artículo CientíficoArtículo originalrevisión exhaustiva

54 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: Rapid urbanization, increase in food availability, and changes in diet and lifestyle patterns have been changing nutritional profiles in developing nations. We aimed to describe nutritional changes in children under 5 years and women of reproductive age in Peru, during a 15-year period of rapid economic development and social policy enhancement. Materials and Methods: Trend analyses of anthropometric measures in children of preschool age and women between 15-49 years, using the Peruvian National Demographic and Family Health Surveys (DHS) from 1996 to 2011. WHO growth curves were used to define stunting, underweight, wasting and overweight in children <5y. We employed the WHO BMIage standardized curves for teenagers between 15-19y. In women >19 years, body mass index (BMI) was analyzed both categorically and as a continuous variable. To statistically analyze the trends, we used regression models: Linear and Poisson for continuous and binary outcomes, respectively. Results: We analyzed data from 123 642 women and 64 135 children, from 1996 to 2011. Decreases over time were evidenced for underweight (p<0.001), wasting (p<0.001), and stunting (p<0.001) in children under 5y. This effect was particularly noted in urban settings. Overweight levels in children reduced (p<0.001), however this reduction stopped, in urban settings, since 2005 (∼12%). Anemia decreased in children and women (p,0.001); with higher reduction in urban (↓43%) than in rural children (↓24%). BMI in women aged 15-19 years increased (p<0.001) across time, with noticeable BMI-curve shift in women older than 30 years. Moreover, obesity doubled during this period in women more than 19y. Conclusion: Nutrition transition in Peru shows different patterns for urban and rural populations. Public policies should emphasize targeting both malnutrition conditions-undernutrition/stunting, overweight/obesity and anemia-considering age and place of residence in rapid developing societies like Peru.

Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
-e92550
PublicaciónPLoS ONE
Volumen9
N.º3
DOI
EstadoIndizado - 18 mar. 2014
Publicado de forma externa

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