Metabolically Obese Normal-Weight Phenotype as a Risk Factor for High Blood Pressure: A Five-Year Cohort

Victor Juan Vera-Ponce, Jamee Valencia Guerra, Jenny Raquel Torres-Malca, Fiorella E. Zuzunaga-Montoya, Joan A. Loayza-Castro, Norka Rocio Ponce Guillen, Gianella Zulema Zenas-Trujillo, Mario J. Valladares-Garrido, Willy Cesar Munoz Ramos, Jhony A. De La Cruz-Vargas

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Background: The metabolically obese normal-weight (MONW) phenotype has been considered a risk factor for different chronic dis-eases, but its role in high blood pressure (HBP) is still unclear. The aim of the study is to determine if the MONW phenotype constitutes a risk factor for hypertension in Peruvian adults belonging to a 5-year cohort. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study. A secondary analysis from the database of the PERU MIGRANT study was carried out from the MONW and non-MONW cohorts; after a 5-year follow-up, the appearance of HBP was evaluated in the subjects of both cohorts. To assess the strength and magnitude of the association, a Poisson regression model (crude and adjusted) with robust variance was used. The measure of association was the relative risk (RR). Results: The incidence of HBP was 11.30%. In the multivariable analysis, subjects with the MONW phenotype had a 2.879-fold risk of presenting HBP in 5 years compared with those who were not MONW at the beginning of the study; this was adjusted for catego-rized age, sex, group, and state of smoker and alcohol drinker (RR: 2.055; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.118-3.777; P = 0.020). Conclusions: The presence of the MONW phenotype doubled the incidence of HBP, even after adjusting for other covariates. How-ever, studies in this field should continue. If these findings are con- firmed, it should be considered that presenting an adequate weight for height should not be interpreted as a condition free of metabolic alterations, so screening for hypertension should be carried out re-gardless of whether or not the body mass index obtained is considered normal.

Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Páginas (desde-hasta)13-19
PublicaciónJournal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
EstadoIndizado - 2023
Publicado de forma externa

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