Metabolic syndrome in relation to dietary acid load: a dose–response meta-analysis of observational studies

Sulieman Ibraheem Shelash Al-Hawary, Faris Mushabab, Shahabe Saquib Abullais, Raed H. Althomali, Ebraheem Abdu Musad Saleh, Serar Nassir Alnajjar, Khulood H. Oudaha, Rosario Mireya Romero-Parra, Beneen M. Hussien, Nazila Garousi

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Background and aim: Several studies have identified that dietary acid load (DAL) may be associated with the odds of metabolic syndrome (MetS); however, the evidence is inconclusive. This dose–response meta-analysis aimed to examine the relation of DAL to MetS. Methods: A systematic literature search was carried out in PubMed and Scopus up to April 2023 for pertinent studies evaluating the relation of DAL scores, including potential renal acid load (PRAL) and net endogenous acid production (NEAP), to the odds of MetS. The odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were pooled using a random-effects meta-analysis to test the association. Results: Eight studies, with an overall sample size of 31,351 participants, were included in this meta-analysis. Higher DAL scores were significantly related to the elevated odds of MetS (NEAP: OR = 1.42, 95%CI = 1.12–1.79; PRAL: OR = 1.76, 95%CI = 1.11–2.78), with significant evidence of heterogeneity across studies. The linear dose–response analysis proposed that a 10 mEq/day elevation in NEAP and PRAL was linked to a 2% (OR = 1.02, 95%CI = 1.001–1.05) and 28% (OR = 1.28, 95%CI = 1.11–1.47) increased odds of MetS, respectively. No non-linear association was observed between MetS and NEAP (P-non-linearity = 0.75) and PRAL (P-non-linearity = 0.92). Conclusion: This study revealed a significant direct relationship between DAL and MetS. Therefore, lower acidogenic diets are suggested for the prevention of MetS.

Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
PublicaciónFrontiers in Nutrition
EstadoIndizado - 2023

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Copyright © 2023 Al-Hawary, Mushabab, Abullais, Althomali, Saleh, Alnajjar, Oudaha, Romero-Parra, Hussien and Garousi.


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