Long-term outcomes of the global tuberculosis and COVID-19 co-infection cohort

Global Tuberculosis Network And Tb/covid-19 Global Study Group

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Resumen

Background Longitudinal cohort data of patients with tuberculosis (TB) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are lacking. In our global study, we describe long-term outcomes of patients affected by TB and COVID-19. Methods We collected data from 174 centres in 31 countries on all patients affected by COVID-19 and TB between 1 March 2020 and 30 September 2022. Patients were followed-up until cure, death or end of cohort time. All patients had TB and COVID-19; for analysis purposes, deaths were attributed to TB, COVID-19 or both. Survival analysis was performed using Cox proportional risk-regression models, and the log-rank test was used to compare survival and mortality attributed to TB, COVID-19 or both. Results Overall, 788 patients with COVID-19 and TB (active or sequelae) were recruited from 31 countries, and 10.8% (n=85) died during the observation period. Survival was significantly lower among patients whose death was attributed to TB and COVID-19 versus those dying because of either TB or COVID-19 alone (p<0.001). Significant adjusted risk factors for TB mortality were higher age (hazard ratio (HR) 1.05, 95% CI 1.03–1.07), HIV infection (HR 2.29, 95% CI 1.02–5.16) and invasive ventilation (HR 4.28, 95% CI 2.34–7.83). For COVID-19 mortality, the adjusted risks were higher age (HR 1.03, 95% CI 1.02–1.04), male sex (HR 2.21, 95% CI 1.24–3.91), oxygen requirement (HR 7.93, 95% CI 3.44–18.26) and invasive ventilation (HR 2.19, 95% CI 1.36–3.53). Conclusions In our global cohort, death was the outcome in >10% of patients with TB and COVID-19. A range of demographic and clinical predictors are associated with adverse outcomes.

Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
PublicaciónEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volumen62
N.º5
DOI
EstadoIndizado - 2023
Publicado de forma externa

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© 2023 European Respiratory Society. All rights reserved.

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