Introduction: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common infection associated with high morbimortality and a highly deleterious impact on patients’ quality of life and functionality. We comprehensively review the factors related to the host, the causative microorganism, the therapeutic approach and the organization of health systems (e.g. setting for care and systems for allocation) that might have an impact on CAP-associated outcomes. Our main aims are to discuss the most controversial points and to provide some recommendations that may guide further research and the management of patients with CAP, in order to improve their outcomes, beyond mortality. Area covered: In this review, we aim to provide a critical account of potential measures to improve outcomes of CAP and the supporting evidence from observational studies and clinical trials. Expert opinion: CAP is associated with high mortality and a highly deleterious impact on patients’ quality of life. To improve CAP-associated outcomes, it is important to understand the factors related to the patient, etiology, therapeutics, and the organization of health systems.
Nota bibliográficaPublisher Copyright:
© 2023 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.