Determining the relationship between infection by Helicobacter pylori and upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGH) and its frequency was the objective of the investigation, this being descriptive correlational with 50 patients with gastrointestinal bleeding, who attended the Gastroenterology Service of the Arzobispo Loayza National Hospital. from Peru, during the months of July to October 2021. An information recollection instrument was developed for the variables; age, gender, origin, occupation and level of education. The presence of H. pylori was determined by performing a gastric biopsy (histopathological identification). To determine the correspondence between the research variables, the Pearson correlation was used. When evaluating the risk between gastrointestinal pathologies and suffering from UGIB, peptic ulcer disease (OR=7.1 CI: 1.394-35.987), gastritis (OR=13.7 CI: 1.068-174.81), and gallstones were found. (OR=1.2 CI:1.056-1.352). Among the habits of patients with HDA, 1 out of 4 reported consuming alcoholic beverages, 1 out of 8 reported smoking, and 1 out of 2 reported a coffee habit. A positive correlation was found between the variables upper gastrointestinal bleeding and H. Pylori infection, since the reported coefficient is equal to 0.685. A positive correlation was found between the variables upper gastrointestinal bleeding and H. pylori infection in patients assessed by the gastroenterology service of the hospital. H. Pylori infection is highly prevalent in the general population, however, the study shows that it does not manifest frequently with high bleeding symptoms.
Nota bibliográficaPublisher Copyright:
© 2022 Instituto de Altos Estudios de Salud Publica. All rights reserved.
- Helicobacter pylori
- gastrointestinal pathologies
- upper gastrointestinal bleeding