Factores asociados a la coinfección por tuberculosis y virus de inmunodeficiencia humana en un hospital peruano

César Espinoza-Chiong, Dante M. Quiñones-Laveriano, Félix Llanos-Tejada, Gino Patrón-Ordóñez, Matlin M. Cárdenas, Christian R. Mejia

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Introduction: HIV infection and tuberculosis are two of the main epidemics that affect many Latin American countries, which have a two-way impact on each other, making them highly relevant diseases in public health. Objective: To identify the factors associated with tuberculosis and HIV coinfection in patients registered in the Tuberculosis Control Program of the Dos de Mayo National Hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional and analytical study was carried out. The medical records of hospitalized patients admitted to the Tuberculosis Control Program were reviewed. Those with a confirmatory test for Western Blot with active tuberculosis were considered coinfection with tuberculosis and HIV simultaneously. With the generalized linear models, p-values and prevalence ratios adjusted with a 95% CI were obtained. Results: Of the 289 patients, 30.1% had tuberculosis and HIV coinfection and was associated with being male (RPa: 2.11; 95% CI: 1.21-3.66), drug user (RPa: 1.71; 95% CI: 1.13-2.52) and have a history of previous tuberculosis infection (RPa: 2.35; 95% CI: 1.53-3.63). Likewise, it was inversely associated with age (RPa: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.97-0.99). Conclusions: According to the data, the prevalence of tuberculosis and HIV coinfection is high and there is a higher frequency of tuberculosis and HIV coinfection among men, at a younger age, those with a history of tuberculosis and those who consume drugs. It is important to implement actions to improve the diagnosis and treatment of both infectious diseases.

Título traducido de la contribuciónFactors associated with tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus coinfection in a Peruvian hospital
Idioma originalEspañol
PublicaciónRevista Cubana de Investigaciones Biomedicas
EstadoIndizado - 2021

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

Palabras clave

  • Coinfection
  • HIV
  • Seroprevalence
  • Tuberculosis


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