Development. In 2018, Anglo American plc published their Sustainable Mining Plan, containing a goal for improving
health and wellbeing aligned with the Sustainable Development Goal 3 (SDG3) targets. Having formed an independent multidisciplinary research consortium, we designed and implemented a mixed-methods approach to attain
a deeper understanding of SDG3 priorities within the local context of communities hosting Anglo American mining
operations located in Latin America.
Methods In 2019, within the host communities of three mining operations in Chile, three in Brazil, and one in Peru,
we conducted a qualitative study which included stakeholder workshops and key informant interviews. We also quantitatively appraised existing health data. Findings emerging from the qualitative and quantitative assessments were
compared to identify health and wellbeing priority areas for action relevant to each community.
Results Across the three countries, 120 people took part in workshops and 35 in interviews. In these workshops
and interviews, non-communicable diseases (SDG3.4), harmful alcohol consumption (SDG3.5), and pollution,
particularly air pollution (SDG3.9), were consistently identifed as areas for priority action. There were similarities
in the reporting of individual, interpersonal, community, societal, and structural factors underlying these priority areas
across the diferent communities. The availability of quantitative data was generally good at the state level, becoming increasing sparse as we focused on smaller geographies. The priorities identifed in the quantitative assessments
generally aligned with those highlighted in the qualitative data.
Conclusions We highlight the importance of engaging with local populations to understand and address health
needs. To address the priorities identifed, intervention packages tailored to the specifc needs of host communities, that tackle associated upstream societal level factors, are required. To facilitate this, appropriate monitoring systems
and epidemiological investigations should be implemented to better understand the local context and quantify
health issues. In the host communities, it is essential for the mining sector to be a key health partner in promoting integrated programmes that contribute to achieving the priority objectives and targets aligned with the SDG3
|Título traducido de la contribución
|Establecer las necesidades de salud y bienestar de la comunidad minera anfitriona en Brasil, Chile y Perú: un enfoque de métodos mixtos para identificar áreas prioritarias de acción para ayudar a las comunidades a alcanzar sus metas SDG3.
|BMC Public Health
|Publicado - 10 nov. 2023
- SDG, Latin America, Mixed-methods, Health, Wellbeing, Peru, Brazil, Chile