Covid-19 is an infectious disease that has caused significant rates of morbidity and mortality in the world population, such as measures to contain SARS-CoV-2 infection, the use of a mask, hand hygiene, vaccination, in addition, the States imposed mandatory quarantine; measures that have caused impacts on the attitude of individuals to assume the aforementioned health policies. With the objective of evaluating attitudes towards Covid-19, an observational psychometric study was carried out with a sample of 296 people, an instrument of 28 items arranged in three dimensions was proposed. For the validation process, a review was carried out by expert judges, who evaluated the clarity, sufficiency and relevance of each item with respect to the variable and its dimension. Confirmatory factor analysis was then performed and internal consistency was estimated with Cronbach's alpha index (α). As a result, the instrument has adequate psychometric properties to assess the attitude towards Covid-19 (α=0.880), with three dimensions: emotional-affective (α=0.738); cognitive-beliefs (α=0.788) and volitional-behavioral (α=0.638), the latter is preserved since as a whole they do not affect the general reliability of the instrument. It is concluded that the CAPC-19 is a valid and reliable tool to assess attitudes towards the current pandemic, which can be adapted in different population groups and contexts. Its use is recommended in national studies, to estimate the predisposition of individuals and identify vulnerability and thus design strategies that reduce uncertainty for the benefit of population health.
|Título traducido de la contribución
|Design and validation of the attitudes questionnaire towards COVID-19 (CAPC-19)
|Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental
|Indizado - nov. 2022
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- reliability, psychometric
- risk of contagion