Introduction: Violence against women is considered a public health problem with a high prevalence in Peru. In the same way, alcohol consumption has been evaluated as a possible risk factor for the violent act to occur. The objective of this work is to evaluate the differences in alcohol consumption between urban and rural areas in cases of violence against women. Materials and methods: A study was carried out based on the data provided by the statistical portal of the National AURORA Program between the years 2018 and 2021, based on this information a selection of all cases of violence against women was made and subsequently analyzed univariate, bivariate and multivariate according to four adjustment models using Poisson regression (prevalence ratios were calculated) to see the differences between alcohol consumption between rural and urban areas. Results: About 385,747 reports of violence were included. The sociodemographic characteristics of both the victim and the aggressor differ significantly between rural and urban areas. A greater consumption of alcohol was reported in the rural area, mainly in psychological violence (PR = 1.25, 95% CI: 1.22-1.28), while there was a greater consumption of alcohol in the urban area in the cases of sexual violence (RPa = 0.89; 95% CI: 0.83-0.97). Conclusion: The cases of violence do not tend to decrease over the years, alcohol consumption is related to a different extent with respect to the type of violence. Attention should be paid to the characteristics in the rural area since they present significant differences with respect to the urban area.
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