Características epidemiológicas y complicaciones obstétricas en gestantes con diagnóstico de COVID-19 en un hospital público

John Barja-Ore, Natalia Valverde-Espinoza, Elena Campomanes-Pelaez, Nilda Alaya Rodríguez, Epifanio Sánchez Garavito, Julio Silva Ramos, Nieves Zuñiga-Olivera

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Resumen

Introduction: COVID-19 in pregnant women has been a challenge in maternal care, since it could increase the risk of suffering from some obstetric diseases and negative perinatal results. Objective: To describe the epidemiological characteristics and obstetric complications in pregnant women diagnosed with COVID-19. Methods: Descriptive, and cross-sectional study, carried out in a sample of 235 pregnant women with a diagnosis of COVID-19, selected in a non-random way. Epidemiological characteristics and obstetric complications were studied, which were reported by descriptive statistics in univariate tables. Results: The average age of the pregnant women was 27.6 ± 3.7 years, 65.5 % were cohabiting and 77.4 % had secondary education. In addition, 71.5 % were between 37 and 40 weeks' gestation, 28.5 % had no prenatal care, 68.9 % were multi-pregnant, and 27.7 % had a history of abortion; 90.6 % were asymptomatic and headache was the most frequent symptom (7.4 %). Among obstetric complications, 30.6 % had a cesarean birth, 20 % had anemia and 15.7 % premature rupture of the membrane. Hellp syndrome (0.9 %) and eclampsia (0.4 %) were the least frequent. Conclusions: In pregnant women with COVID-19 there is a high rate of obstetric complications, which are mainly caesarean section and anemia. Most pregnant women are asymptomatic and have an IgM / IgG serological result.

Título traducido de la contribuciónEpidemiological characteristics and obstetric complications in pregnant women diagnosed with COVID-19 in a public hospital
Idioma originalEspañol
-e02101644
PublicaciónRevista Cubana de Medicina Militar
Volumen50
N.º4
EstadoIndizado - 1 oct. 2021

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

Palabras clave

  • COVID-19
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • epidemiological profile
  • pregnancy
  • pregnancy outcome

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