Acid mine water treatment using neutralizer with adsorbent material

Título traducido de la contribución: Tratamiento de agua ácida de mina usando neutralizador con material adsorbente

Del Piero Raphael Arana Ruedas, Nelida Tantavilca Martinez, P. C. Espinoza-Tumialán, Clara Barreto Hinostroza

Producción científica: Artículo CientíficoArtículo originalrevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

One of the biggest issues in the mining sector is due to acid mine drainage, especially in those abandoned mining operations and active ones that fail to adequately control the quality of their water discharge. The removal degree of copper, iron, lead, and zinc dissolved metals in acid mine drainage was investigated by applying different proportions of mixtures based on neutralizing reagent hydrated lime at 67 % calcium oxide (CaO), with adsorbent material – natural sodium bentonite, compared to the application of neutralizing reagent without mixing, commonly used in the neutralization of acid mining drainage. The obtained results show that the removal degree of dissolved metals in acid mine drainage when treated with a mixture of neutralizing reagent and adsorbent material in a certain proportion, reaches discharge quality, complying with the environmental standard (Maximum Permissible Limit), at a lower pH than when neutralizing material is applied without mixing, registering a net decrease in the consumption unit of neutralizing agent express on 1 kg/m3 of acid mine drainage. Furthermore, the sludge produced in the treatment with
a mixture of the neutralizing reagent with adsorbent material has better characteristics than common sludge without bentonite, since it is more suitable for use as cover material, reducing the surface infiltration degree of water into the applied deposit.
Título traducido de la contribuciónTratamiento de agua ácida de mina usando neutralizador con material adsorbente
Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Páginas (desde-hasta)1-7
PublicaciónJournal of Mining Institute
Volumen264
EstadoPublicado - 15 dic. 2023

Palabras clave

  • bentonite
  • acid mine drainage
  • adsorption of metals
  • water treatment
  • cover material

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