Women in Management Positions: A Systematic Review and Future Research Agenda

Brescia Sofia Guerrero-Ochoa, Franklin Cordova-Buiza, Evelin Aragon-Grados

Research output: Chapter in Book/ReportConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Throughout history, there has been an idea that women had to follow orders, which caused them to be kept in subordinate positions even after they entered the labor market; fortunately, during the last few decades, research focused on gender and female leadership has increased substantially. This has facilitated the visibility of women's potential in top positions in organizations around the world. It has been proven that the presence of women on boards of directors' benefits organizations because it allows them to have a wider diversity of talent for business management. The present study aimed to analyze theoretical and empirical studies on the factors that facilitate women's access to board positions between 2017 and 2022. This systematic review was conducted based on the PRISMA statement strategy of articles in the Proquest, Ebsco, ScienceDirect and Scopus databases. Articles published between the indicated years were selected, in Spanish and English, using inclusion and exclusion criteria, and a subsequent critical analysis of the articles obtained. A total of 34 articles were included from which the corresponding results were extracted. The results show that there is a greater amount of research on the subject in European and North American countries, published almost entirely in English. And according to the analysis, the factors that facilitate women's access to board positions can be divided into political types, such as rules, regulations and quotas, cultural factors such as support for women, equal opportunities and gender equity, organizational factors such as organizational culture, policies, practices and training programs, and social factors such as media visibility, the presence of mentors and partner support. The research concludes that the most investigated factors were political, as these factors increase the number of women on boards in the short term; however, it's also necessary to highlight the importance of a fusion with social, cultural, and organizational factors to achieve long-term improvement; as well as the commitment of all the agents that interact in the professional life of women. This paper will contribute to future scientific research on women's access to board positions.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 6th International Conference on Gender Research, ICGR 2023
EditorsSandra Moffett, Shirley Barrett, Andrea Reid
PublisherAcademic Conferences and Publishing International Limited
Pages122-130
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781914587634
StateIndexed - 2023
Event6th International Conference on Gender Research, ICGR 2023 - Derry, United Kingdom
Duration: 20 Apr 202321 Apr 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Conference on Gender Research
Volume2023-April
ISSN (Electronic)2516-2810

Conference

Conference6th International Conference on Gender Research, ICGR 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
CityDerry
Period20/04/2321/04/23

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Proceedings of the International Conference on Gender Research. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Business management
  • Female leadership
  • Gender diversity
  • Gender equity
  • Women on top

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