Servant leadership and organizational performance: Mediating role of organizational culture

Rober Anibal Luciano Alipio, Danny Xavier Arévalo Avecillas, Grimaldo Wilfredo Quispe Santivañez, Wilber Jimenez Mendoza, Emérito Felipe Zavala Benites

Research output: Contribution to journalOriginal Articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Servant leadership positively influences the performance of organizations since it focuses on developing the most critical capital of organizations – human beings. The study aims to analyze the influence of servant leadership on organizational performance mediated by organizational culture focusing on administrative staff in Peru. It uses a quantitative approach and non-experimental design. The data were obtained transversally from 465 union members-administrative staff through a virtual survey with a 20-item Likert-type questionnaire, verifying the data for compliance with the underlying assumptions. For data processing, the SPSS AMOS program was chosen, subjecting the data to confirmatory factor analysis and using the structural equation model to test the proposed hypotheses. The results show that, for administrative staff, organizational culture partially mediates the influence of servant leadership on organizational performance at 0.127. While servant leadership positively influences organizational performance (β = 0.341, p < 0.01), it also positively influences organizational culture (β = 0.492, p < 0.01). Furthermore, organizational culture positively influences organizational performance (β= 0.262, p < 0.01). The study confirms the importance of servant leadership in the performance of organizations. Also, it provides evidence to affirm that organizational culture is fundamental in explaining this influence, thus filling the research gap.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)333-346
Number of pages14
JournalProblems and Perspectives in Management
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StateIndexed - 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The author(s) 2023. This publication is an open access article.

Keywords

  • culture
  • mana ement structural e uations
  • organization
  • performance
  • servant leadership

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