Serie de Redacción Científica: Estudio de Casos y Controles

Translated title of the contribution: Scientific Writing Series: Case-Control studies

Antonio M. Quispe, Claudia A. Sedano

Research output: Contribution to journalOriginal Articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Introduction: A case-control study is a study comparing individuals who had an outcome of interest (cases) versus individuals who had no such outcome (controls) with respect to the exposure of interest, potentially a "risk factor "or" protection factor." The objective of a case-control study is primarily to determine if there is an association between one exposure (or several) and an outcome of interest. This association must be quantified and reported as an odds ratio or odds ratio taking into account its strengths and limitations. In general, this type of study offers as advantages its relatively low cost and speed with which it is possible to carry them out. However, they are not ideal if what you want to investigate are frequent outcomes or with long latency periods. In this article, the primary methodological considerations of the design of case-control studies have been reviewed, hoping thereby to contribute to promoting their correct use and interpretation.

Translated title of the contributionScientific Writing Series: Case-Control studies
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)198-204
Number of pages7
JournalRevista del Cuerpo Medico Hospital Nacional Almanzor Aguinaga Asenjo
Issue number2
StateIndexed - 2020

Bibliographical note

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© 2020 The Author(s).


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