Nacionalismo, patriotismo y legitimación de los sistemas sociales nacionales

Translated title of the contribution: Nationalism, patriotism, and legitimation of the national social systems

Salvador Vargas Salfate, Rafael Miranda Ayala

Research output: Contribution to journalOriginal Articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


In this article, we test if national identification is associated with legitimation of the national social systems based on the main tenets of social identity theory. Specifically, we distinguish between patriotism and nationalism to argue that the strongest predictor should be nationalism because it entails a sense of superiority over other countries. In addition, we test if this association is more pronounced in high-status groups considering that national identity is hierarchically constructed. In two studies conducted in Chile and Peru, we found partial support for these hypotheses. Specifically, nationalism was a significant predictor of system justification and perception of meritocracy after accounting for different theoretically relevant covariates, and this association was stronger among high-status groups.

Translated title of the contributionNationalism, patriotism, and legitimation of the national social systems
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)423-450
Number of pages28
JournalRevista de Psicologia (Peru)
Issue number2
StateIndexed - 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This article was funded by the ‘CONICYT PFCHA/MAGISTER BECAS CHILE/2018 – 73190011’. Master student in Psychology at New York University. Researcher at Faculty of Education and Social Sciences, Universidad Andrés Bello, Santiago de Chile. Postal address: Fernandez Concha 700, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile. Contact: https://orcid. org/0000-0003-3306-4134 Master in International Development Policy by Seoul National University, and PhD(c) in Psychology by Universitat de Girona. Professor at the Department of Psychology in Univer-sidad Continental del Perú. Postal address: Av. San Carlos 1980, Urb. Antonio, Huancayo, Peru. Contact:

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru. All rights reserved.


Dive into the research topics of 'Nationalism, patriotism, and legitimation of the national social systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this