Nationalism, patriotism, and legitimation of the national social systems

Salvador Vargas Salfate, Rafael Miranda Ayala

Research output: Contribution to journalOriginal Articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


In this article, we test if national identification is associated with legitimation of the national social systems based on the main tenets of social identity theory. Specifically, we distinguish between patriotism and nationalism to argue that the strongest predictor should be nationalism because it entails a sense of superiority over other countries. In addition, we test if this association is more pronounced in high-status groups considering that national identity is hierarchically constructed. In two studies conducted in Chile and Peru, we found partial support for these hypotheses. Specifically, nationalism was a significant predictor of system justification and perception of meritocracy after accounting for different theoretically relevant covariates, and this association was stronger among high-status groups.

Translated title of the contributionNacionalismo, patriotismo y legitimación de los sistemas sociales nacionales
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)423-450
Number of pages28
JournalRevista de Psicologia (Peru)
Issue number2
StateIndexed - 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru. All rights reserved.


  • Meritocracy
  • Nationalism
  • Patriotism
  • Social status
  • System justification


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