Mechanical and Economic Analysis of Soil-Cement Blocks Applied in Rural Housing

Jheny Zenaida Romero Jimenez, Heydi Susan Zamudio Asto, Yeferson Antony Serrano Mendoza, Erick Oswaldo Gamboa Tolentino, Iralmy Yipsy Platero Morejón, Niel Iván Velasquez Montoya

Research output: Contribution to journalOriginal Articlepeer-review


This research work performs a mechanical and economic analysis of soil-cement blocks as an alternative construction element for application in rural housing in the district of Pilcomayo located in Peru, since this area shows a high percentage of housing deficit and a high level of poverty among the inhabitants. To determine the mechanical analysis, compression tests were carried out on soil-cement blocks and prisms, as well as diagonal compression tests on walls; all these tests were carried out with dosages of 10%, 15% and 20% of cement. The optimum dosage to be applied as a soil-cement block turned out to be 15% cement, since it met all the minimum strength requirements of Standard E.070. Regarding the Economic Analysis of the soil-cement blocks, the technique of Unit Price Analysis was used to evaluate the cost of manufacturing and laying soil-cement blocks for 1 m2, then these results were compared with the cost of a conventional brick of the same study area. In the end, it was concluded that the soil-cement blocks turned out to be 11% cheaper than a conventional one, besides being more environmentally friendly, since for its production, it does not require firing as a traditional clay brick dose.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2792-2803
Number of pages12
JournalCivil Engineering and Architecture
Issue number5
StateIndexed - 1 Sep 2023

Bibliographical note

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  • Blocks
  • Dosage
  • Economic
  • Manufacture
  • Resistance
  • Soil-Cement


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