Factors associated with producing a scientific publication during medical training: Evidence from a cross-sectional study of 40 medical schools in Latin America

Carlos Culquichicón, Mario J. Valladares-Garrido, Christian R. Mejia, Annel B. Rojas-Alvarado, Mary M. Araujo-Chumacero, Jhacksson S. Córdova-Agurto, Jessica Fiestas, Feeder J. Rojas-Vilar

Research output: Contribution to journalOriginal Articlepeer-review


Background: Scientific publication during medical training is key to promoting enduring cutting-edge knowledge. The promotion of science among medical students in Latin America is a multisectoral issue that is hampered by the lack of governmental knowledge to invest in national research, as well as by the lack of support from local universities. This study aims to determine the factors associated with the production of a scientific publication during medical training among Latin American medical students of local scientific societies. Methods: This is a secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional study conducted in 2016 that assessed the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) among medical students from 40 local scientific societies of medical students affiliated with FELSOCEM. Teams from each local scientific society surveyed self-reported scientific publications and explored their association with socioeconomic, academic, and research training conditions. We applied nested models to identify the covariates associated with self-reported scientific publication, obtaining a parsimonious mixed-effects multilevel model grouped by medical scientific society. Results: Of 11,587 participants, the prevalence of scientific publications increased in 36% among medical students affiliated to a Scientific Society of Medical Students [parsimonious prevalence ratio (pPR)=1.36, 95%CI=1.16-1.59], 51% among medical students with advanced English proficiency [pPR=1.51, 95%CI=1.21 - 1.87], 85% among medical students who attended a scientific writing skills course [pPR=1.85, 95%CI=1.59-2.15], 81% among medical students who use Sci-Hub [pPR=1.81, 95%CI=1.50-2.20], and 108% among medical students who have access to a pirated academic account [pPR=2.08, 95%CI=1.83-2.36]. Conclusions: Producing a scientific publication among medical students is associated with being affiliated to a scientific society of medical students, English proficiency, training in scientific writing, use of Sci-Hub, and pirated academic accounts.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number1365
StateIndexed - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Valladares-Garrido MJ et al..


  • Latin America
  • Medical Education
  • Medical Students
  • Scientific Societies
  • Undergraduate


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