Factors associated with interest in scientific research in dental students of six Cuban universities

Ibraín Enrique Corrales-Reyes, José Daniel Villegas-Maestre, Leonardo Valdés-Gamboa, Mónica García-Raga, Olga Lidia Véliz-Concepción, Lilian Susana Torres-Fernández, Diana Tusell-Hormigó, Adrián Alejandro Vitón-Castillo, Rolando Torrecilla-Venegas, Christian R. Mejia

Research output: Contribution to journalOriginal Articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: To determine the factors associated with interest in scientific research in dental students of six Cuban universities. Methods: This is a multicenter cross-sectional analytical study. Interest in scientific research was the dependent variable, and it was assessed through a questionnaire proved to be reliable (Cronbach’s α = 0.88). We obtained adjusted prevalence ratios (aPR), 95% confidence intervals (95% CI), and p values through generalized linear models. Results: A total of 587 students were part of the research, and 57.9% manifested interest in scientific research. However, when they were asked if they wanted to pursue a research career in the future, only 45.1% responded affirmatively. We found, through multivariate analysis, that there was more interest in scientific research among those who were student assistants (aPR: 2.42; 95% CI: 1.41–4.16; p = 0.001), those who had previous studies (aPR: 1.35; 95% CI: 1.02–1.79; p = 0.034), and those who had received awards in scientific events (aPR: 1.74; 95% CI: 1.26–2.41; p = 0.001). In contrast, there was less interest among those who were at the clinical stage of their career (aPR: 0.66; 95% CI: 0.49–0.89; p = 0.006), adjusted for seven variables. Conclusions: There exists interest in scientific research and we found some factors associated with this. This has to be taken into account in order for educational institutions to generate strategies.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number1096948
JournalFrontiers in Education
Volume8
DOIs
StateIndexed - 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2023 Corrales-Reyes, Villegas-Maestre, Valdés-Gamboa, García-Raga, Véliz-Concepción, Torres-Fernández, Tusell-Hormigó, Vitón-Castillo, Torrecilla-Venegas and Mejia.

Keywords

  • dental students
  • dentistry
  • multicenter study
  • research
  • surveysquestionnaires

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