Can artificial intelligence improve the management of pneumonia

Mariana Chumbita, Catia Cillóniz, Pedro Puerta-Alcalde, Estela Moreno-García, Gemma Sanjuan, Nicole Garcia-Pouton, Alex Soriano, Antoni Torres, Carolina Garcia-Vidal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


The use of artificial intelligence (AI) to support clinical medical decisions is a rather promising concept. There are two important factors that have driven these advances: The availability of data from electronic health records (EHR) and progress made in computational performance. These two concepts are interrelated with respect to complex mathematical functions such as machine learning (ML) or neural networks (NN). Indeed, some published articles have already demonstrated the potential of these approaches in medicine. When considering the diagnosis and management of pneumonia, the use of AI and chest X-ray (CXR) images primarily have been indicative of early diagnosis, prompt antimicrobial therapy, and ultimately, better prognosis. Coupled with this is the growing research involving empirical therapy and mortality prediction, too. Maximizing the power of NN, the majority of studies have reported high accuracy rates in their predictions. As AI can handle large amounts of data and execute mathematical functions such as machine learning and neural networks, AI can be revolutionary in supporting the clinical decision-making processes. In this review, we describe and discuss the most relevant studies of AI in pneumonia.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number248
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number1
StateIndexed - Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Artificial intelligence
  • Pneumonia


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