Análisis del comportamiento epidemiológico de Leishmaniasis cutánea en Perú 2016-2021

Translated title of the contribution: Analysis of the epidemiological behavior of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Peru 2016-2021

José Manuel Armada Pacheco, Christian R. Mejía

Research output: Contribution to journalOriginal Articlepeer-review

Abstract

Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an immune-mediated skin pathology caused mainly by Leishmania (L.) major, Leishmania tropica, Leishmania braziliensis, L. mexicana and L. amazonensis. The burden of CL in terms of disease and social stigma is concentrated in certain developing countries in Asia, Africa, and South America. People with asymptomatic CL represent a large proportion of infected individuals in endemic areas who do not have any lesions and can control the infection through mechanisms that are not fully understood. Currently, there is no approved prophylactic control measure for CL. This epidemiological report revealed that CL was prevalent in the Selva and Sierra geographic areas of Peru, while departments such as Ancash and La Libertad, coastal areas, were also involved in the reporting of cases in recent years. The pattern of CL cases reported in the different departments of the country had a very similar behavior in the period between 2016 and 2021, with the highest frequency of sick patients with skin lesions compatible and corroborated with CL predominating in the first 4 or 5 epidemiological weeks. The disease is endemic in many parts of the country, so more efforts and integrated approaches are needed to combat this pathology.

Translated title of the contributionAnalysis of the epidemiological behavior of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Peru 2016-2021
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)1212-1218
Number of pages7
JournalBoletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental
Volume62
Issue number6
DOIs
StateIndexed - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Instituto de Altos Estudios de Salud Publica. All rights reserved.

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